New residential roofing plays an integral part in the home's curb appeal and function. To ensure a smooth residential roof installation, you should prepare by making decisions about four important considerations when planning new residential roofing. 

Roofing Material 

While the vast majority of American homes have an asphalt shingle roof, homeowners should know the alternative options available to them. Heavy, durable roofing materials tend to cost more than lightweight materials that don't last as long. 

The life expectancy of the most common roofing materials is as follows: 

  • Asphalt roll: 5 - 10 years 
  • Built-up roof: 20 - 30 years 
  • Composite: 15 - 40 years
  • Wood: 25 - 40 years 
  • Welded metal: 30 - 50 years
  • Clay/cement: 50 - 100 years
  • Slate: 100+ years 


Roofs need a drainage system so that rainwater, moisture, and debris don't accumulate on the roof, potentially creating water damage. Wood and asphalt are more susceptible to water damage from standing water on the roof than the other options. 

Roofs with high slopes increase drainage, but a high pitch costs more than a flat roof or a roof with a low pitch. 

Most roofs also include gutters to assist with drainage. Gutters work best when homeowners remove hazards, such as nearby trees, and get gutter cleaning annually. 


A roof plays a large role in sealing the home from the outside environment. The roof requires an airtight seal and resistance to the elements in order to receive high-efficiency ratings. Highly efficient roofs can contribute to lower utility bills each month. Roofs with low efficiency may benefit from additional insulation. 

Homeowners who want to lower their carbon footprint can ask their roofing contractor about adding solar panels to the new roof, as well. Solar panels require a significant upfront investment, but it increases a home's efficiency greatly and uses clean energy instead of creating pollution. 


The average cost for a new 2,000-square-foot roof is between $5,000 - $12,000

To stick to a budget comfortable for you, consider the right building material based on the price to install a 2,000-square-foot roof (including materials):

  • Asphalt roll:  $4,500
  • Built-up roof: $8,000
  • Composite: $11,000
  • Wood: $19,800 - $26,000
  • Welded metal: $22,000
  • Clay/cement: $44,400
  • Slate: $66,000

Now that you know the average cost of different roofs, you can make the best decision for you and your family. Of course, every home is different, and your job may not be the average cost. For more information, contact a residential roofing contractor near you.